14 hardier rice varieties approved
The National Seed Industry Council (NSIC) has approved 14 new rice varieties that are early maturing and stronger against climate change.
BusinessMirror said the rice varieties were developed by the Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice), International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), and the University of the Philippines-Los Baños (UPLB) in 2015.
The report said four inbred varieties —NSIC Rc394, Rc396, Rc402 and Rc414—and five dry-seeded varieties —NSIC Rc416, Rc422, Rc424, Rc426 and Rc430—were developed by PhilRice. The others were developed by IRRI and UPLB.
PhilRice said NSIC Rc394 or Tubigan 32 matures in 106 days and has an average yield of 5.2 metric tons (MT) per hectare.
It said NSIC Rc396 or Tubigan 33 matures in 106 and yields 5.1 MT per hectare. NSIC Rc402 or Tubigan 36 matures in 107 days and yields an average of 5.5 MT per hectare.
Norvie Manigbas, PhilRice Plant Breeding and Biotechnology Division head, told BusinessMirror the early maturing varieties will enable the farmers to harvest rice before strong typhoons or heavy drought come.
BusinessMirror also reported that NSIC Rc414 or Japonica 4, which is more resistant to common pests, matures at 119 days and yields 3.7 MT per hectare across season.
PhilRice said the dry-seeded varieties – NSIC Rc416 (Sahod Ulan 13), Rc422 (Sahod Ulan 16), Rc424 (Sahod Ulan 17), Rc426 (Sahod Ulan 18) and Rc430 (Sahod Ulan 20) – have higher resistance to rice pests and diseases such as bacterial leaf blight, blast, green leafhopper and white and yellow stemborer.