Global per capita fish consumption now at 20kg a year
Higher supply from aquaculture and firm demand has pushed global per capita fish consumption to over 20 kilograms a year, the Food and Agriculture Organization said today.
The FAO said it marks the first time that global per capital fish consumption breached 20 kilograms a year, adding that record hauls for some key species and reduced wastage had an impact on consumption.
The FAO, however, said the State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture showed that a third of commercial fish stocks are now fished at biologically unsustainable levels.
The FAO credited aquaculture for allowing global supply of fish for human consumption to outpace population growth in the past five decades. Global production in aquaculture—molluscs, crustaceans, and other nonfish animals–hit 73.8 million tons in 2014.
China is the leading nation in aquaculture, reporting the fastest expansion. In Nigeria, aquaculture output is said to have increased 20-fold in the past two decades. Chile and Indonesia were also reported to have shown remarkable growth. Norway and Vietnam, the world’s second and third biggest fish exporters, also reported strong growth.
The FAO’s outlook for the fish sector remains largely positive, with world fish production expected to grow at 1.5 percent per annum until 2025. The growth in fish production is expected mainly from developing countries in Asia.