Gov’t’s to address diseases caused by unhealthy diets, use of tobacco, alcohol
Some governments around the world have pledged to take bold action to address diseases that are caused by unhealthy diets as well as harmful use of alcohol and tobacco.
Governments recently endorsed the Montevideo Roadmap 2018 to 2030 on noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) as a Sustainable Development Priority at the opening of the three-day global conference hosted by the World Health Organization (WHO).
NCDs include the world’s leading killers – heart and lung diseases, cancers and diabetes.
The Montevideo Roadmap points out that the bulk of NCD deaths could have been prevented by action, such as against tobacco, unhealthy diets and harmful use of alcohol.
It also highlights the need for coordinated and coherent action from all sectors and the whole of society, as many of the main drivers of ill health lie beyond the control of health ministries, systems and professionals. Non-State actors, including civil society and industry, have important roles to play.
“It is shocking to see the growing toll diseases like cancer and diabetes are taking on the people who can least afford healthcare,” said WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
The pledge follows world leaders’ agreement to reduce by one-third “premature” NCDs deaths by 2030, as part of the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Today, these diseases kill 40 million annually, more than any other cause of death, of which 15 million occur prematurely among people aged 30 to 70 years, and seven million in low- and low-middle income countries.