Artificial Insemination makes goat raising profitable
The Department of Agriculture’s (DA) Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR) said utilization of a technology called Artificial Insemination (AI) can make goat raising a profitable business in the Philippines.
Goat raising is a practical livestock-based enterprise that requires minimal investment but guarantees a return of investment in a short period of time.
However, the lack of quality breeder stock and the high cost of breeding activities are some of the constraints that cause the low rate of local goat production.
The price of goat is mainly determined by its genetic size and weight. When it reaches its marketable age, usually at eight months, a native goat, which can weigh 16 kilos, can fetch a price of P1,600. Meanwhile, an upgraded goat or a goat of good breed, usually weighing 30 kilos, can be sold at double the price.
If a farmer wants to improve the genes of his goats, he needs guaranteed goat breeders. However, this could be a little expensive.
“Now, with the use of Artificial Insemination (AI), the same benefit is within reach of entrepreneurs. AI is one of the best technologies being used today as an alternative to natural breeding. It is used to fast-track the dissemination of genetic materials from quality breeders to improve the blood composition of farm animals,” BAR said.
Although AI is more widely-used for cattle and swine, it has promise for goat breeding, BAR said.
It is still not being adopted by the goat raisers due to unavailability of processed semen, lack of trained inseminators, and absence of a viable industry to support the commercialization of the technology.