Sugar is not the cause of diabetes
To set the record straight, a health expert pointed out that high blood sugar level is the result, not the cause, of diabetes.
In the column that Dr. Eduardo Gonzales wrote in Manila Bulletin, it showed that eating too much sugar does not cause diabetes mellitus.
Furthermore, he called the notion “as the most common myth about diabetes mellitus”.
Gonzales said the underlying cause of diabetes mellitus is the failure of the pancreas to produce enough insulin or inability of the cells of the body to respond appropriately to insulin—the hormone that allows glucose or sugar in blood to enter the cells.
Glucose, for the record, is the chief energy source of cells, hence in diabetes sugar accumulates in blood because it is unable to enter the cells while the cells literally starve.
The health expert then explained that there are two forms of diabetes mellitus, type 1 and type 2. Diabetes type 1 is an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system goes away and destroys the cells that produce insulin in the pancreas, while diabetes type 2—which accounts for about 90 to 95 percent of diabetes cases—results from the interaction of various factors, the most important of which are genetics, overweight, and sedentary lifestyle. Thus, although excess sugar intake does not directly cause diabetes, it can indirectly trigger type 2 diabetes because it can result in obesity, which is one of the major risk factors for the disease.
Nevertheless, Gonzales said that even if sugar does not cause diabetes, its consumption can still be detrimental to health.